What is periodontal disease?
Periodontal disease, gum disease, is the inflammation of soft oral tissue surrounding teeth. The first stage is called gingivitis where gums become swollen, red, and maybe bleed. More advanced stages called periodontitis. It's important to see your dentist in Columbia, SC, immediately so that he can spot and treat it before gingivitis develops into periodontitis.
What are periodontal disease symptoms?
When bacteria builds up on teeth, they begin to produce acid that causes teeth breaking down. This eventually causes cavities and may lead to tooth loss in extreme cases. When plaque builds up on teeth, it turns into hard tartar which causes inflammation of gums. Here are a few symptoms:
- bleeding gums
- bad breath
What are some gum disease complications?
There are several complications when gum disease is left untreated. Here are a few:
- tooth loss
- bone loss
- gum abscess
What is the cause of periodontal disease?
When it comes down to it, you need to make sure you take care of your dental hygiene. Make sure you brush your teeth daily. Hold your brush at a 40-degree angle and brush in a circular motion on your teeth surface and around the gums. Also, make sure you floss at least once before bed. This will remove food particles between your teeth and prevent tooth decay.
Other important and vital preventative measures include using fluoride-containing products like mouthwash and toothpaste; getting fluoride treatment from your dentist; and professional dental cleanings that remove plaque and tartar.
In addition to preventative care, it's best to stop smoking, chewing tobacco, and drinking alcohol. You should also make better dietary choices. Eat fruits and vegetables as opposed to candies and sodas.
Periodontal disease can lead to serious issues and proper dental care is a must. If you have any questions or concerns about the health of your teeth, make sure you contact your Columbia, SC, dentist today!